November 20th, 2017 AAAA
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Basic Facts about Slovakia


Basic Facts about Slovakia



Official name of the country:
 THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC (Slovenská republika)
Conventional short name: SLOVAKIA (Slovensko)
Capital (2001): Bratislava, 428,672 residents
Area: 49,035 sq kilometres

Population (2006 est.): 5,439,448 inhabitants

Population by ethnic composition (2001): Slovak (85.8%), Hungarian (9.7%), Roma (1.7%), Czech (0.8%), Ruthenian, Ukrainian, Russian, German, Polish and other (2%)

Population by religion (2001): believers (84.1%), Roman-Catholic (68.9%), Slovak Evangelic Lutheran (6.9%), Greek-Catholic (4.1%), Calvinist (2%), Orthodox (0.94%), not found (specified) (2.2%), without denomination (13.7%)

Administrative divisions:
8 regions (kraje): Banskobystrický, Bratislavský, Košický, Nitrianský, Prešovský, Trenčianský, Trnavský, Žilinský

Regional capitals (links):
Banská Bystrica
Bratislava
Nitra
Košice
Prešov
Trenčín
Trnava
Žilina

Type of government: Parliamentary republic

Constitutional system:
constitutional and legislative power (unicameral National Council of the Slovak Republic--150 seats), executive power (the President of the Slovak Republic and the Government of the Slovak Republic), judicial power (Constitutional Court and other courts)
 
Last Parliamentary elections held in June 2010:
SMER 34.79%
Slovak Democratic and Christian Union (SDKÚ-DS) 15.42%
Freedom and Solidarity (SaS) 12.14%
Most-Híd 8.12%
 
Parties in government:
 
 
Economy:      
Indicator: Unit:
Value:
Year:
GDP (bil. USD)
115.7
(2009 est.)
GDP per capita (USD)
21,200
(2009 est.)
Export (bil. USD)
55.4
(2009 est.)
Import (bil. USD)
53.74
(2009 est.)
Currency (code)
-
Euro (EUR)
-
 
Membership in leading international organizations: ACCT (observer), Australia Group, BIS, BSEC (observer), CE, CEI, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, EU, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, MIGA, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNDOF, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNIDO, UNTSO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WEU (associate partner), WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO, ZC and many others.

National Holidays of the Slovak Republic:

1
 January
Slovak Republic Foundation Day (1993)
8
 May
V Day (1945)
5
 July
Arrival of Slavic Apostles St. Constantine and St. Methodius--Introduction of Christianity on Slovak territory (863)
29
 August
Slovak National Uprising against Fascism (1944)
1
 September 
Slovak Republic Constitution Day (1992)
17
 November
Day of Struggle for Liberty and Democracy (1989)

The Slovak Republic is a parliamentary democracy consisting of 5 bodies: one-chamber legislative body--the National Council of the Slovak Republic, or simply the Parliament. The head of state is the President voted into office through direct elections. The highest executive body is the Government which is in turn accountable to the Parliament for its procedures. The Prime Minister is the head of the Government and is called into or recalled from the office by the President. The Constitution of the Slovak Republic was proclaimed on September 1, 1992, while Slovakia became independent state through the split of former Czecho-Slovakia on January 1, 1993.

Further:

  Brief history of Slovakia
  Links to Slovakia
Photographs of Slovakia (European Quartet)

© 2006–2017, International Visegrad Fund.
   
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