November 22nd, 2017 AAAA
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PolandCzechiaSlovakiaHungary

Basic Facts about Poland




Official name of the country:
THE REPUBLIC OF POLAND (Rzeczpospolita Polska)
Conventional short name: POLAND (Polska)
Capital: Warsaw, 1,630,000 residents (2003)
Area: 312,685 sq kilometers

Population (2003):
38,605,000

Population by ethnic composition (2002): Poles (circa 97.8%); other groups: Germans, Ukrainians, Belarussians, Lemkos, Roma, Lithuanians, Slovaks, Russians, Jews, Armenians, Tartars, Czechs and Karaims (i.e. circa 1 million people).
Population by religions: Roman Catholic 95% (about 75% practicing), Eastern Orthodox, Greek Orthodox, Protestant and other 5%
Administrative divisions - 16 provinces (wojewodztwa)

Counties/regional capitals:
 
Type of government: Parliamentary republic

Constitutional system:
legislative power (bicameral Parliament: the Senate or Senat, 100 seats, and a lower house, the Sejm, 460 seats), executive power (President of the Republic of Poland and the Government of the Republic of Poland), judicial (Supreme Court, Constitutional Tribunal)

Last Parliamentary elections held in October 2007:
Civic Platform (PO) 41.51%
Law and Justice (PiS) 32.11%
Left and Democrats (LiD=SLD+SDPL+PD+UP) 13.15%
Self-Defence (Samoobrona) 1.53%
League of Polish Families (LPR) 1.3%

Parties in the Government:
Civic Platform (PO), Polish People's Party (PSL)

 
Economy:      
Indicator: Unit:
Value:
Year:
GDP (bil. USD)
690.1
(2009 est.)
GDP per capita (USD)
17,900
(2009 est.)
Export (bil. USD)
134.7
(2009 est.)
Import (bil. USD)
141.7
(2009 est.)
Currency (code)

-

Złoty (PLN)
-

Membership in leading international organizations: ACCT (observer), Arctic Council (observer), Australia Group, BIS, BSEC (observer), CBSS, CE, CEI, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, EU, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, MIGA, MINURSO, MONUC, NAM (guest), NATO, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNDOF, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNOCI, UNOMIG, UPU, WCL, WCO, WEU (associate), WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO, ZC

National and State Holidays of the Republic of Poland:
1
 May
Labour Day
2
 May
Day of the Flag
3
 May
Constitution Day (passage of the Third-May Constitution in 1791)
11
 November 
National Independence Day (proclamation of independent republic in 1918)


The Republic of Poland is a democratic country situated in Central Europe. The basis of the political system reflects the values like national sovereignty and independence, political pluralism and freedom of activity for political parties, separation of powers, local self-government, inalienable respect for human rights - which underpin the legal system - and freedom of the individual. Lived through over a decade of transformation, Poland contributes its energy and dynamism to a united and tension-free Europe. It supports the European integration process and the vision of a continent of independent citizens and cooperating regions. By joining the NATO in 1999 Poland has joined the campaign to build European, Euro-Atlantic and world security and stability. In May 2004 Poland, together with the other three V4 countries, became a member state of the European Union.

Further:

       Brief history of Poland
       Links to Poland
Photographs of Poland (European Quartet)

© 2006–2017, International Visegrad Fund.
   
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