May 24th, 2018 AAAA
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Thu 24 May 2018
Warszawa (PL)
 
25/11°C
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Thu 24 May 2018
Praha (CZ)
 
21/14°C
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Thu 24 May 2018
Bratislava (SK)
 
23/15°C
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Thu 24 May 2018
Budapest (HU)
 
25/16°C
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Basic Facts about the Czech Republic


Basic Facts about the Czech Republic



Official name of the country:
THE CZECH REPUBLIC (Česká republika)
Conventional short name: CZECHIA (Česko)
Capital (2004): Prague, 1,165,617 residents
Area: 78,864 sq kilometres

Population (2003):
10,211 mil inhabitants

Population by Ethnic composition (2001):
Czech (90.42%), Moravian and Silesian (3.83%), Slovak (1.89%), Polish (0.51%), German (0.38%), Roma (0.11%), Hungarians, Ukrainians, Rusins (Ruthenians), Russians, Greeks, and others (2.86%)

Population by religion (2001): Roman Catholic Church (26.79%), Evangelical Church of Czech brothers (1.15%), Czechoslovak Hussite Church (0.97%), Other (3.23%), non-denominational (59.04%), not identified (8.82%)

Administration divisions/Country capitals
13 regions (kraje) and 1 capital city:

Jihočeský kraj
Jihomoravský kraj
Karlovarský kraj
Kraj Vysočina
Královéhradecký kraj
Liberecký kraj
Moravskoslezský kraj  
Olomoucký kraj
Pardubický kraj
Plzeňský kraj
Středočeský kraj
Ústecký kraj
Zlínský kraj


Type of government: Parliamentary republic

Constitutional system:
legislative (bicameral Parliament, the Chamber of Deputies, 200 seats, and the Senate, 81 seats), executive (the President of the Czech Republic, the Government of the Czech Republic), judicial (Supreme Court, Constitutional Court)

Last Parliamentary elections
held in May 2010:
Communist Party 11.3%
Public Matters (Věci veřejné) 10.9%

Economy:      
Indicator: Unit:
Value:
Year:
GDP (bil. USD)
256.6
(2009 est.)
GDP per capita (USD)
25,100
(2009 est.)
Export (bil. USD)
106.4
(2009 est.)
Import (bil. USD)
99.97
(2009 est.)
Currency (code)

-

koruna (CZK)
-

Membership in leading international organizations: ACCT (observer), Australia Group, BIS, CE, CEI, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, ESA (cooperating state), EU, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, MIGA, MONUC, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNOMIG, UPU, WCL, WCO, WEU (associate), WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO, ZC and many others.


National Days:

1
 January Independent Czech State (1993)
1
 May Labour Day
8
 May Liberation Day (1945)
5
 July Arrival of the Slavic Apostles St. Constantine and St. Methodius (863)
6
 July Death of Jan Hus (1415)
28
 September   Death of St. Wenceslaus
28
 October Independent Czechoslovakia (1918)
17
 November Fight for Freedom and Democracy (1939, 1989)

The Czech Republic is a democratic, politically, economically and socially stable country located in Central Europe. Its size and population places the Czech Republic among medium-sized European countries. The Czech Republic supports the common effort of democratic nations to build and strengthen a community of peace, security, cooperation, democracy and prosperity. It supports the European integration process and the vision of united, democratic, socially just, prosperous, peaceful and tension-free Europe, a continent of independent citizens and cooperating regions. On 12 March 1999, along with Poland and Hungary, it became a full member state of NATO and on 1 May 2004, along with the other 3 Visegrad countries, it became a full member state of EU.

Further information:

  Brief history of the Czech Republic
  Links to the Czech Republic
Photographs of the Czech Republic (Czech Tourism)

© 2006–2018, International Visegrad Fund.
   
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